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Posts Tagged ‘svt with aberrancy and vt’

Scientific studies can be fun .In our spare time we often Indulge in rapid  fire sessions. We tested 30  wide qrs ECGs from our archives  (All proven VTs)  and  asked  our  cardiology fellows to apply Brugada criteria . They could   correctly  diagnose  VT  in 18* patients.The same ECGs were shown to the staff nurses of coronary care unit . 24  VTs were correctly identified  it.They did it by  their clinical sense and Instinct. (*12 vs 6  VTs missed)

wide qrs tachycardia svt with aberrancy and vt brugada verecki  griffith002

And now , four  clinical data was  provided. (Age , sex , Blood pressure , and  past H/o  MI were given )   The Nurses were able to predict it  28/30  VTs correctly.(97 % accuracy ) and the cardiologists  were able to equal the score now. So obviously clinical sense  was far superior .

Cardiology fellows were more likely to  mistake VT as SVT. This is far more common than SVT mistaken as VT. It is a strange academic  irony ,even the junior most nurses never missed a VT !

Summary

Simple sequence of history and clinical presentation is still far more powerful than ECG data in predicting wide qrs  arrhythmias . Nurses guess work is far superior than cardiologists  in predicting a wide QRS tachycardia as VT.

In fact , the  cardiology fellows are  preconditioned to   get confused   whenever they get a wide qrs tachycardia . Why  not aberrancy ?  In my  experience I have seen this question keeps  erupting inappropriately .Even  shrewd fellows suffer  from an  oscillatory  mind between VT and SVT .This is primarily because , every wide qrs ECG  is likely to  have at least two  criteria that fulfill both VT and SVT.

The implications are  genuine  and far reaching . While nurses  show a patient centric thinking  cardiology fellows  thought process revolves around ECG . Many modern-day cardiac physicians  are disconnected from clinical reality  and are obsessed with  complex EP concepts  and end up with a miserable face in the bed side !

This is not a new  revelation in 2013 . Masood Akthar told this  three decades ago.

Caution
Never try to glorify  guess-work . EP is a great science .The  pioneering concepts have made us understand how a VT emanates, travels , and exit from myocardium . We are able to localise it and ablate it .All credit goes to science . But , when it comes to bedside recognition of VT ,  clinical  sense  is a clear winner .With a  consistently > 90 % predictive value   it  can no longer be called as  a  guesswork   and becomes a hard scientific fact. Especially so , when the  intellectual  analysis of surface ECG   could predict  it  with paltry 70 %  accuracy (Read Reference 1)
Reference
This  analysis startlingly reveal  a fact .The over all accuracy  rate of predicting the wide qrs criteria  by  popular algorithms  is   between 66-77% ,  just 16 numerals   more than  gross   guess work  of 50 : 50 ( This  . . . or  . . . that )
Link to  Masood Akthar article

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