Feeds:
Posts
Comments

Posts Tagged ‘Indication fo ICD’

Current guidelines advice us to wait for 40 days following STEMI to implant ICD in most high risk patients.

Why this  cool off period.? *

  • Essentially  we are waiting for the Infarct healing process to be completed.
  • By this time electrical stability may be restored. The  risk of VT/VF  declines per naturalis.
  • LV function recovery  is possible. As stunned and hibernating myocardium resumes its mechanical function and patient might  jump out of the MADIT-2  cutoff point. (EF< 30%)
  • Introducing  ICD very early  after STEMI may be a myocardial irritant and that it self can generate  arrhythmias.
  • There is a possible interference by the leads in the physiological remodeling  process.

Final message

So the cool off period is  not only to reduce  the unnecessary  ICD implantation  but also to  avoid lead related issues .

*  This 40 day rule is based on one  large study from Germany. (DINAMIT, 2004  ) . However  few believe  the rule is not absolute. There can be individual   exceptions in high risk patients with critical LV dysfunction .

Other  wise   . . . How do you digest  a death occurring on  35th day  in a patient  who is waiting for an ICD scheduled one week later ?

Reference

DINAMIT trial ICD nejm

Link to  ACC/AHA  Guidelines for ICD Implantation 2013

New development

How to bridge the 40 day gap in really high risk post MI patient ?

We can’t keep him in CCU. Here comes the role of WCD (Wearable cardiovertor defibrillator.) Life vest is  from Zoll . WCD can act like a bridge till the 40 days when the patient becomes eligible for ICD.

http://lifevest.zoll.com/

 

Read Full Post »