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Posts Tagged ‘lbbb morphology vt’

Mark E Jospehson  is the man who single-handedly carried  the burden of teaching  generations  of electro-physiologists  from  Harvard  Thorndike electro physiology services , Boston USA. Today , whatever  we know  about the mechanisms of VT , it is because of such great men who  spent thousands of hours  in the  first generation EP labs in early 1970s and 80s  , meticulously analysing   the data emanating  from  over  600   scar mediated VT with complex circuitry .

He along with  Miller published this seminal paper  in circulation 1988 , which gave us  the  algorithm  that localises  Post MI VTs.

Following table summarises their finding.

VT localisation in Infero-posterior MI

The general principles  of localisation of VT  

  • Localising VT following myocardial infarction  is difficult but distinctly  possible with  about 60 % accuracy.
  • Whenever we locate a focus we generally refer to epicardial site of exit not the focus of  origin.
  • Ischemic VTs with complex scars are difficult to locate .
  • The rule  that RBBB VT arise from  LV and LBBB VT from RV is too simplistic  in scar mediated VT.
  • The fact  that IVS is common to both RV and LV confounds the issue .Further, in a given  clinical VT  the origin  , course   and exit points of VT can considerably vary .For example  septal VT can exit  on  either side and  result in  either RBBB or LBBB morphology (Epicardial break thorough )
  • Multiple exit points are also possible.
  • VT induced in EP lab may not be reproducing the same clinical VT. So we have to be careful in what  we ablate and claim success !
  • VT with  structurally normal heart  has   more predictable behavior  , for  example RVOT VT  almost always have LBBB morphology.

Other important rules of thumb are

  • LBBB VT has more localising value .
  • Superior  axis is the most common  axis.
  • Bulk of the ischemic VT are located within the septum either in the apical or basal region .(75%)
  • Infero posterior MI has more complex scars , hence VT morphology is heterogeneous.

The purpose of localising VT is important  only with reference to  ablation.(Of course for academic reasons  as well )   With advent of electro anatomic imaging (Carto ) it is becoming   easier  to locate and track them . Still only a minority of VTs are amenable for RF ablation .

Please note ,  the most common modalities we use  in the management of VT  ,   Amiodarone  and ICDs   simply do not   bother  about   focus of origin  for it’s action !  That makes our job easy !

Reference

http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/77/4/759.full.pdf

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