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Posts Tagged ‘radial strengh of coronary stent’

Originally used in early 1990s,  self expanding coronary stents (Wall stent from Boston scientific )  subsequently lost interest because of delivery related issues. Many feel , it makes cardiologist judgment tentative and delivery system prevail over our hand skills. It is possible stents can longitudinally jump with high radial force making a geographical miss more likely.While it could be true with any technique till we master it, one should recall ,most endo-vascular work other than coronary still involve self expandable techniques.

Balloon expandable  stent is ruling the PCI field  for more than 2 decades. There has been recent surge of interest in the self expanding  technique and it could make a great difference in the PCI arena provided we take the proper cues.

Self expanding stents have some unique advantage

  • It has  high radial force.
  • Approximation with lesion is best
  • It tends to take the shape of the vessel than any other stent
  • Since the mal-opposition and gap between stent and vessel wall is minimal stent thrombosis is theoretically is  lower.

Where is self expanding stent useful ?

  • Ectatic and very irregular lesions
  • Bifurcation lesions where multi dimensional vessels with different shaped ostia converge.
  • Eccentric lesions (Non calcified) may be benefited by self expanding stents
  • Self expanding covered self (Is it available >)  may be the best bet for perforations and for thrombus  to be plastied against the wall.
  • In some small vessels PCI
  • Finally it may have a  role in primary PCI (APPOSITION 1 to 5 )

What are the self expanding stents available ?

  1.  Devax system   ( 2003)
  2.  Stentys
  3.  Radius (Boston scientific)
  4. Capella Sideguard.
  5. Cardiomind Sparrow
  6. vProtect luminal shield.

Final message

For some reason , self expanding stents were not tested widely  and  large scale data is not available. However ,  they are unique modalities in metal delivery and must be mastered and many patient subsets will be benefited by it. They are not obsolete yet, APPOSITION 5 study will answer some of the issues.

Reference

1. Agostoni P, Verheye S. Novel self-expanding stent system for enhanced provisional bifurcation stenting: examination by StentBoost and intravascular ultrasound. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2009;73:481
2.Jsselmuiden A, Verheye S. First report on the use of a novel self-expandable stent for treatment of ST elevation myocardial infarction. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2009;74:850
3.Verheye S1, Grube E, Ramcharitar S, Schofer JJ,.First-in-man (FIM) study of the Stentys bifurcation stent–30 days results.

EuroIntervention. 2009 Mar;4(5):566-71
4. van Geuns  R.-J., Tamburino  C., Fajadet  J.,  Self-expanding versus balloon-expandable stents in acute myocardial infarction: results from the APPOSITION II study: Self-expanding stents in ST-segment elevatation myocardial infarctiion. J Am Coll Cardiol Intv. 2012;5:1209-1219.

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