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Posts Tagged ‘fusion capture beat’

AV dissociation is  the most specific diagnostic clue in VT.But this is not a constant finding. In fact one  would be  lucky to spot a fusion beat  which denotes AV dissociation . It occurs in less than 30% of patients with VT .

Technically ,  for AV dissociation to occur atria and ventricle should  not be related in either direction .

If there is  a retrograde VA association ante grade AV conduction   is not possible  and hence one can not get a  fusion beat or so.

What happens to p waves during VT ? How does atria depolarise during VT ?

Atrial chambers can not sit idle during  VT .It has to somehow get depolarized  and contract   but  the  timing    may not be appropriate .

P waves  during VT can either be antegrade or retrograde .

Theoretically both can be present   but most times  it is   the  retrograde  p waves we see.

The occurrence and timing of p waves  is related  to the VA conduction .

If there is  1 :1  VA conduction during VT there can not be AV dissociation  for the simple reason  we have VA association.In fact there is constant vigil to depolarise the ventricle  through the normal AV node and his purkinje  in spite of the VT .SA  node is aware of this fact ,  how difficult it is going to be  confront the upcoming  rapid ventricular impulse . Usually the ventricular impulse   prevails  over the atrial impulse and much part atria is controlled by the VT . In fact  the VT reaches  all the way to SA node and simply  overdrive it . At these fast heart rates  retrograde p waves are not visible. ( But surprisingly one may see a regular  cannon wave in the neck with 1: 1   VA conduction.

Mean while ,  the SA  is always under look out for a opportunity to sneak into the ventricles thorough AV node. This happens  when the VT focus slightly slows down or shifts to a new site . this sis the time  we are able to  witness the AV dissociation . When the atrial impulse capture fully or partially the ventricle fusion beats occur confirming  AV dissociation .

Final message

AV dissociation is present in  less than 30% of VT because in  70%  there is a VA  association.(Retrograde  VA conduction ) . When V is associated with A there can not be AV dissociation.

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