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Posts Tagged ‘ias aneurysm’

Inter atrial septal aneurysm is a benign disorder of IAS where the flap  of fossa ovalis bulges on either to right  or left atrium. It may be associated with fine fenestration or even a classical  ostium secundum  ASD.

atrial septal aneurysm 002

An unusual buckling motion of IAS aneurysm.

Though the pressure within the atria is one of the determinant of this  bulge.The morphology of the flap is such that it more often prolapse into LA than RA. Rarely it can be dynamic and  moves 180 degrees , buckling between RA and LA .This unusual  motion is real stress to IAS and can trigger atrial  ectopic beats. and atrial tachycardia .

Read  related article  IAS aneurysm 

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I stumbled upon this image from the Heart journal. A good depiction of  IAS aneurysm in three dimension.

Image courtesy  : Heart 2012;98:79-88   Three dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease   by  Joseph John Vettukattil

Further  reading

Clinical implication of IAS aneurysm

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This is a relatively common abnormality of IAS. It is  often observed  as  IAS bulging  into left  or right atrium  in routine echocardiogram.If this happens without  atrial hypertension it is termed as IAS aneurysm .

This is due to valve of foramen ovale bending into the RA/LA*  cavity for various distance. By definition , the radius of curvature of  the bulge should be more than 10 mm to label it as IAS aneurysm.

*Bulging into RA more common

Click on the Image to see the animation

General features

  • Mostly a benign entity.
  • More often observed  in  association with PFOs or ostium secundum ASD.
  • When occurs in isolation does not result in any shunting across it
  • The septal bulge can be static or  dynamic . It could swing  into LA, RA, and back to LA or vice versa.
  • Anatomically 5 types are proposed.
  • Multiple fenestration in the aneurysms have been noted.
  • Aneurysm  formation may aid in spontaneous closure of ASD.

Clinical  implications

  • IAS aneurysm tend to aggravate  stasis of LA  blood flow and predispose to minute LA clots and systemic thrombo embolism .
  • IAS aneurysm can act as an arrhythmic focus , generating focal atrial tachycardias.
  • A non ejection click  may be occasionally heard as  the IAS aneurysm  bulges and tenses within LA/RA cavity .

Reference


1 . Olivares -Reyes A, et al. Atrial Septal Aneurysm: A new classification in 205 adults. J Am Soc Echocardiogr
1997;10:644-56.

2. Longhini C, et al. Atrial septal aneurysm: echocardiographic study. Am J Cardiol 1985;56:653-67.

3. Gondi B, Nanda NC. Two-dimensional echocardiographic features of atrial septal aneurysm. Circulation 1981;63:452-57

4. http://www.fac.org.ar/revista/00v29n4/congreso/premio3.PDF

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