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Posts Tagged ‘transudate vs exudate’

Diagnostic issues in cardiac failure : A  febrile pleural effusion in a patient with LV dysfunction .

Is it a transudate or exudate ?  How to confirm the pleural effusion is primarily cardiac failure related ?

When the classical protein criteria is inadequate or prone for errors

Try this more specific marker  within the pleural fluid

N-Terminal Brain naruretic peptide

Pleural fluid NT-proBNP is very useful in establishing the diagnosis of HF-associated effusions, and it confirms this diagnosis . The measurement of NT-proBNP rather than serum to pleural protein gradient is recommended for identifying mislabeled cardiac transudates.

Reff :Biomarkers of Heart Failure in Pleural Fluid. Chest. 2009 Apr 10.

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