During acute ischemia the most immediate requirement for the heart is
D.High energy ATPs
E.Free fatty acid
Answer : A will be considered by most , as correct answer . A can provide B to E . But it is also a fact heart can survive without A.
Myocardium requires energy first ! it does not in fact bother about from where it is coming at the time of crises.It may be right if you restore the coronary blood flow all other components (B-E) are made available to the heart .
The heart can survive off the coronary circulation with only chemical support during cardiac surgery and also a during heart transplantation explanted donor heart survives on a ice box during transit and till it is transplanted into the recipient heart
But ironically we spend much of our energy and efforts in restoring blood flow.One need to spare a thought about the quality of blood also . This is especially important in the setting of ischmia where a metabolic centric approach will add further benefit.
Energy based approach to ischemia : Is it relevent ?
Heart is a fascinating mechano biological organ pumping millions of gallons of blood .Fuel for this is self generated on a continuous basis from the circulation blood .So the key to human survival is the coronary blood flow that supplies the fuel and nutrients to the heart. When this key supply line is under threat during acute coronary syndrome cardiologist have the only option of restoring the compromised blood supply by any means . But during chronic ischemia there is no urgency. There has always been an option of enriching the blood with energisers like ATPs, glucose, hemoglobin etc .Providing energy support to the failing heart has never captured the imagination of cardiac physicians until recently.Still most are skeptical about the concept of biochemical ischemia.
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Metabolic manipulation of CAD( Will be available shortly)