Feeds:
Posts
Comments

Posts Tagged ‘md consult’

CURRENT   CARDIOLOGY  PRACTICE: EVIDENCE  OR  EXPERIENCE  BASED ?    AN  ANALYSIS OF  ACC/AHA  GUIDELINES.

S. Venkatesan,  Madras Medical College. Chennai

 

If  a  major therapeutic procedure is adviced based on simply by experience or expert opinion  how can we say evidence based medicine is practiced !

 

                                    Evidence based cardiology  is  the  buzz word  in global cardiovascular  health care  organizations. All diagnostic  and therapeutic  interventions are  undergoing  rigorous randomized  trials  for  proof of  efficacy  and  safety. ACC/AHA   have published  management guidelines and it  has been accepted  as de-facto standard of clinical cardiology practice world wide.  In these guidelines  class  1  indication  is defined as Conditions for which there is evidence for and/or general agreement that the procedure is useful and effective. These indications are supported by three levels of evidence.(A,B,C) .It has been observed,   many of the recommendations  in  class 1  were supported by only level  C  evidence. (Expert consensus or  agreement  ). We  analysed how much of todays guidelines is  agreement based  and  how much is evidence based. The  latest  practice  guidelines  of  ACC/AHA   for  Acute myocardial infarction , Unstable Angina and Non–ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction , chronic  stable angina  ,coronary angiography  were analysed. The  no  of  class 1  indications  were counted  in each set of guidelines  and  each  of the indication were  sub grouped with reference to the  levels of  evidence  to which it was supported. There  were a total  of 210  class 1  indications.

  

 

Class  1

Level A

Class   1

Level  B

Class  1

Level  C

P value

1A vs 1C

AMI(54)

7

25

22

<.0001

UA  (66)

11

26

29

<.0001

CSA(59)

8

29

22

<.0001

CAG(31)

3

12

16

<.0001

Total(210)

29(13.9%)

92(43.8%)

89(42.4%)

<.001

 13.9%   of class 1  indications were based on  level  A evidence.  42.4%  of class 1 indication were based  on Level C  ( agreement  of experts).Though evidence based cardiology   is   considered  to  define  the  standards in  Cardiology  practice  in reality  we lack evidence in most of the situations. 

                                       We  conclude  that  consensus or  agreement  based cardiology  practice is the dominant theme in current   ACC/AHA 

Read Full Post »