Archive for the ‘cardiology-ethics’ Category

Professional competence is defined as doing things, always in the Interest of patients. It’s generally believed small hospitals are not competent enough to treat cardiac emergencies . . .Do you agree with that ? No, Its largely a myth . Do you know there is a absolute  lack of proficiency  threatening to plague our country’s coronary care system. ? It’s the professional  Incompetence by the space age, star hospitals (mis)managed by masters of the noble business. None (am I right ?) of this hospitals either monitor or publish the outcome of their treatment.

Backed by pseudo scientific data , amplified by unrealistic expectations of ill Informed patients , some  hospitals are avoiding Initial emergency treatment of acute MI  , instead they waste time ( load DAPT ofcourse !) in securing the finance  for the costly Invasive procedures or refer them out of their premises if they can’t afford for it.In the ensuing emotional and financial melee many of the ill-fated patients lose vital  time window of thrombolysis as well ! and carry risk of fatality or damaged myocardium.

Every stake holder in the current  coronary care system simply assume the enforced modality  must be far superior because they administer the most modern and costly treatment suggested by few high intensity cared clinical trials originating from west. The wisemen who run the corporate hospitals  never realise medical competence and outcome is not entirely defined by science. Their primitive cognition wouldn’t allow to think beyond business equations either.

Please believe me, time and again, I have witnessed patients reaching Government hospitals  after being shunned away by  big (Some times even medium sized )  hospitals who boast themself only as PCI enabled care. Even if they want to lyse they stock only the Tenekteplace .

I think tragedy  is a lesser word to describe the scenario , where a distressed family is trying to arrange  for a Rs30,000 shot of Tenekteplace when thirty times cheaper still equally efficacious (Rs 1000 Streptokinase)  is concealed from their visibility .The Govt should urgently look into instances of large private hospitals avoiding Govt insurance scheme patients  even in  cardiac emergencies ! To label our poor patients as unaffordable ones is a outright misnomer, rather its the rich hospitals that are “not affordable” to lose profit and treat our countrymen , in a cost effective manner is the reality !

Who is Poor ? You decide.

Two forbidden things in coronary care

 1.Cajoling  and manoeuvring a distressed  family for a primary PCI as a routine treatment  hyping its beneficial effect and underplaying the true advantages of thrombolysis in largely technical jargons is the current norm in most coronary care units.

2.Another issue is , after confused confabulations with the duty medical officer,  if a rare patient family  choose the option of thrombolysis , comes the next googly*.  Many noble minded hospitals do not stock the low-cost and equally efficacious thrombolytic agent and offering  only the costly option to the anxious families when the myocardium is on fire.

Hospitals that  practice these two coronary protocols  need to be shamed and labeled as  “Coronary Incompetent  ” In spite of having 24/7 cath labs.  (Realise , they are just like  any remote rural hospitals , at least  the later can’t be faulted  as they don’t  withhold  a  reperfusion strategy  !)

Final message

I think , mindless proliferation of cath lab based cardiac care , which follow this theme , ie  “Thrombolysis incapable but PCI capable “ are  biggest threat to coronary care in our country ! For the best coronary care for any country ,what we need is efficient prehospital thrombolysis team .We have conveniently forgotten the great study of CAPTIM wherein the ambulance drivers replicated the same effect of primary PCI performed by highly trained cardiologists in modern labs.

In India,  primary health centers which is within  few km reach of entire population  can be designated as static ambulance equivalents  with basic resuscitation facility . If a multipurpose health worker can be trained to lyse, with remote supervision that will accomplish  90 % of what the cathlab guys can achieve ! Selective shifting is suffice.

Postample :  Ofcourse, not doing  pPCI for high risk or complicated STEMI is unscientific and we need to have proper consenting and referring frame-work for such patients.

Counter point : One of my colleagues asked me ? Why do I enjoy attacking the established scientific practices ?  May be I have a problem , yes, but  I think in a  true medical democracy we have right to debate anything , absolute truth is a ongoing journey !



*Googly:  An unplayable ball delivered to a batsman in the game of  cricket.

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A cardiologist  is  a physician who has  trained himself  in a special  way  to deal with any problem of heart.Ironically , it exists only on paper.The field has developed so vast  no one can master everything .There is no such  “Pan or global cardiology expert” .In fact it would be shortly become unethical to try to become one !

Pediatric cardiology  has developed into such a big field , doing a echo in newborn or  infant has become a comprehensive job and  requires  special talent .This unique  and excellent study from Narayana Institute , Bangalore published in the  prestigious Annals of pediatric cardiology   throws up interesting realities about the quality of echo report done by adult cardiologists in children .The error rate  appears  huge and stands at  prohibitive 38%. While many errors were minor , major  were also not insignificant (23%)

pediatric echocardiography by adults cardiologist

With bulk of the pediatric echo  involves  in the critical decision making  process of device closures and interventions the  data required  becomes vital .The commonest cause for  error is probably not due lack of  knowledge and but to due to lack of commitment and  continuous  exposure in doing echocardiograms in  those age group.

While this paper  decently skirts the issue of quality of pediatric echo done in medium sized hospitals without pediatric cardiology service ,I can say the error rates or inadequate reportage could be significant  in such hospitals  with apparently good ranking .


Of course ,we have many  adult cardiologist who do  excellent  pediatric work , It looks like , as a general rule  performing pediatric echocardiograms  by non -institutionalized  adult cardiologist  may not be appropriate ! It may be wise for them to avoid doing echocardiogram in small infants with  truly complex disorders (even perceived  complex) till they gain the required expertise and confidence.

I recall an  adverse  issue happened years ago ,  when I had  missed an associated    PAPVC  in ASD that made my surgeon anxious on table .In a country like ours there is no one to audit our work , “our conscience remains the only option” to deliver the best for our patients  especially so, when they are tiny lives in distress.

After thought

Who am I to suggest  who should do echocardiogram ? , after all every cardiologist is licensed  to do that . One simple  suggestion  would be , if  not confident  they can at least mention in their report it is only  preliminary evaluation and need to be followed up with  an expert . I do that whenever its required  and gives me peace of mind as well !

More controversies* to come

Can adult cardiologist do pediatric intervention ?

* Controversy : One of the meaning for this word  is  “It is a thought  process  set into motion , that aids digging up hidden truths ”



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As I was mulling about  the misplaced  priorities  in modern health delivery  , today’s (25-01-2015) edition  of  “The Hindu” , India’s National newspaper carries an exact article by Dr B.M.Hegde .

No doubt  ,his articles are constantly criticized  by the scientific community for  the simple reason, he is forcibly  trying to add wisdom to science !



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When a culprit thrombus keep the  myocardium as hostage . . . don’t storm the coronary artery  indiscriminately   !

When a single gun men  keeps 100 innocent people as hostages , threatening their  lives, rescue mission should start .No can can afford to wait. But, without knowing  the  culprit’s true nature the process of rescue mission is always going to be tricky .There are so many instances Newton’s third law  was reversed , when reactions  evoke more chaos  than the index action.

In the recent world terrorist events ,  the  rescue missions  were so delicate and  it was very  unfortunate we  lost  many   innocent hostages !  The reasoning is ,there  is no way we can avoid these. I wonder is it really true ? !

rescue missionNot all culprit lesions  are true ones.They simply threaten  our myocardium with  thrombus and plaques  in various forms .Don’t show aggression to pseudo threats  you may  ultimately end up with more damage.(What I call as crazy culprits!)

(  Read here , why unstable angina even though thrombus is sitting right inside the coronary artery attempting to lyse it causes more  damage !)

After thought

Iam sure ,bulk of  the Interventionists wouldn’t agree with this thought . They would decry , watching a person  silently when the myocardium  is on  fire is a serious crime !

But . . . we  need to  remember the process of extinguishing  the fire  with some more fire arms is a delicate game played in undefined  philosophical turf.

The only way to introspect  such events in life is , to accept any eventuality    arising out of “not pursuing”  a  presumed rescue mission with vigor. No need to be guilty about that,after all , it can be a myth !

Modern human cognition , growing with a staple  scientific  feed  on a 24/7  basis  is  unlikely to realise , restraint can be an effective tool  even in critical moments !

Oh,is all that I have  scribbled so far  is just a repetition  of 1000 year concept of  “Primum non nocere”

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Caring shall be an inbuilt character in the  Noble profession ,need not be a value added service or a separate medical specialty !


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As we practice this Noble  (&  Delicate )  profession ,we often tend to Ignore the  warnings  even from our learnt colleagues , Why ?

Wisdom ego quotes brainy best dr s venkatesan top inspirational




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Interventional cardiologist extraordinary  cath lab tips invasive great

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