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Posts Tagged ‘slow vt’

Cardiac arrhythmias by nature connote a serious implication ,especially  so  with ventricular ones. Here is an  arrhythmia which arise from the ventricle by excessive automaticity  ,   fires independently  ,   still  very   benign compared  to others ventricular arrhythmias.

Why AIVR is a stable arrhytmia ?

Primarily due to its low rate.

Since  it is a  reperfusion arrhythmia the outcome is good.

Mechanism

It is not due to reentry , it is thought to be due to enhanced  automaticity  without pathological  intra-myocytic  calcium spikes  (Like true VT )

Absence in surface  ECG does not mean it is not existent.  In-fact there  is some  evidence to call this arrhythmia as a form of ventricular parasystole.

Focus of arrhythmia

Since it is a reperfusion arrhythmia it has to arise somewhere from  re-perfused myocardium.

The fact that  it  can occur in both RCA and LCA reperfusion  indicate the focus can be  in any of the ventricle .

Usually it follows the reciprocal rule of bundle branch block  pattern  (RBBB in LV focus LBBB in RV focus.)

Septal AIVR  can have either RBBB or LBB morphology.   Usually  left axis is noted .

How to differentiate it from  non sustained VT ?

  • Ventricular rate in AIVR should be between 60 -110 .(Note -The inherent ventricular rate is 35/mt .There is three fold acceleration )
  • Basic idoventricular rhythm is about 35.  Three times accelerated
  • Characteristically   AIVR  starts with an escape beat rather than an  ectopic beat .

AIVR  is common  in  RCA or   LCA reperfusion ?

It is supposed to be more common in infero-posterior MI  as sinus slowing is an important predisposing factor  for releasing   the idio ventricular rhythm.

AIVR after primary PCI

Is not reported much as  current interventional  cardiologists  do not bother much to watch about this arrhytmias

Other causes for AIVR

  • Myocarditis.
  • Digoxin toxicity

Management

(The commonest issue with AIVR  could be    . . . Nurses  /Fresh interns may mistake it as VT and  pressing the false alarm ! )

  • Rarely  requires treatment .
  • Atropine ,Isoprenaline to increase sinus rate.

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