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Posts Tagged ‘contraindication for doing coroanry angiogram’

Modern  day cardiology can do wonders. It can revive a sinking  patient in cardiogenic shock with IABP , LV  assist ,   multivessel angioplasty and bring back  life . On  the other  hand  , a young man with an infected mitral valve who is put on  intensive  antibiotic  regimen   , progressively deteriorates  throws an emboli into brain ,  raise his urea  creatinine  , cardiac   failure worsens and finally succumbs .

This is a clear case of failure  of medical therapy in infective endocarditis .  It is almost certain  surgery would have saved him .

Why  the delay ?

So the question that is been debated for so long is   “When to intervene with surgery in IE”  ?

While we show extreme  urgency for ACS , the same is not shown  with IE.This is going to change in the future .Thanks to the  EASE trial (Early surgery  in  endocarditis )  This land mark study from Korea  is likely to revolutionise  the way we will look into the  problem  of infective endocarditis. It was presented in the just concluded AHA annual scientific sessions  in Orlando

This was  our  observation  too . The issue was discussed in  the year 2008 .It reminds me ,  every  learned  thought or opinion is in fact a paper  but unfortunately modern science does not accept a  fact without evidence of a  study . Until then  it remains  as a crap !

I am glad  to note   genuine concepts will some day  get ratified . Kudos to the Korean team.It is a great study to do with  many ethical issues.

Click below to read the related article

Link to EASE Trial  http://www.theheart.org/article/1313215.do

Next question  on the cards

Should there be  a time window above which medical therapy should be   deemed (Doomed !) to have  failed  , so that the patient becomes a default candidate for surgery.

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Coronary angiogram is probably the commonest invasive cardiac investigation done  world wide. It should run into millions every year. The procedure once thought dangerous  is now performed in few minutes in day care centers . While doing a  coronary angiogram  has become a minuscule task to most cardiologists, interpreting  it correctly remains a huge task !

Many  of the young cardiologists  get fascinated in   doing a coronary  angiogram and hardly spend enough time and mind in interpreting it.

Most of  us  succumb to the popular occulo  coronary reflex and describe a coronary  artery  lesions as though it is a  number game . It is very rarely we use the quantitative angiography tools available  in the machine. We need to meticulously  analyse   the length , morphology , distal flow, thrombus  , collaterals  etc . (FFR a new avatar tries to do some justice )

Calling   atherosclerois   by numbers alone,   such as  50 %  LAD  and 70 %  diagonal    20 % left main  is a huge  insult    to the deadly  & diffuse  disease process of atherosclerosis .We are paying the penalty for it .This is  the fundamental  flaw in our  reporting , that  makes every coronary intervention redundant.We must first  remember  we are looking at the lumen not the wall of coronary  artery.

Coronary  interventions is not about removing obstructions but  regression of  atherosclerosis  load within the coronary artery , prevent progression of it and ultimately reduced cardiac events and improve  survival. It  is obvious, it can not be achieved by wires and catheters alone . At best they can be adjuncts.One can  easily understand  why medical therapy  scores over wires  as it can take care of the overall disease process.

But still  ,  most* of  the  learned cardiology community  considers medical therapy   to be an adjunct to coronary intervention  , which  is  a  gross ignorance at it’s best !

* This is my perception. If  I am proven wrong ,  I am happy our patients  will be benefited !


Final message

Do not reduce  the importance of coronary angiogram   to a  farce  number game !

Do not get excited  by visualizing your patient’s  coronary artery. It may make you richer by few thousands. Realise , what you are seeing in a CAG is a fraction of coronary  circulation.

It is estimated coronary  circulation we visualize  daily in cath lab as epicardial coronary arteries  is less than  2  % of entire cross section of coronary  circulation.

This means we are 98 % blind ! ( or  2 % wise  !) .Spend  adequate  time and  mind to interpret it correctly  , so that logical and useful  ( non ) interventions can  be done .This only can make you a  true cardiac professional and your patients will respect you.


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